In the Journal of Public Health (2016) Everson-Hock et al were investigating people with chronic mental and physical conditions. The researchers stated that large socio-economic gaps suggest many of the current campaigns may not be reaching those most at need and unless behaviour patterns are altered, the health disparities are likely to grow.
Local area facilities and geographical factors explain very little of the variation in physical inactivity in England; the variations are primarily associated with individual and household characteristics.
Similarly, researchers from the ESRC Centre for Market and Public Organisation (CMPO) examined data on over one million adults in England using the Active People Surveys. This showed that levels of inactivity are closely associated with people’s socio-economic position – specifically income, education and local area deprivation, and other factors such as gender, ethnic group, age and geographical area. More specifically the following factors;
Education, household income, local area deprivation, females, ethnic minorities, and people in low socio-economic positions are likely to be inactive. Inactivity increases the more people are disadvantaged in socio-economic terms.
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